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RNDr. Pavel Duda, Ph.D.

Research focus:

– evolutionary anthropology
– human behavioral ecology
– cultural evolution
– phylogenetics

Contact:

e-mail: pavel.duda@prf.jcu.cz
tel.: +420 387 772 254
room: B 254

CV

Education:

– 2011 – 2017: Ph.D. in Zoology, University of South Bohemia
Doctoral thesis: Human population history and evolution of culture: A phylogenetic approach
Supervisor: prof. RNDr. Jan Zrzavý, CSc.

– 2008 – 2011: MSc. in Zoology, University of South Bohemia, with honors.
Master’s thesis: Evolution of human socio-cultural and ecological traits: a phylogenetic (supertree) approach
Supervisor: prof. RNDr. Jan Zrzavý, CSc.

– 2005 – 2008: BSc. in Biology, University of South Bohemia.
Bachelor’s thesis: Cladistic analysis of reproductive, behavioral, sociobiological, and developmental traits in the Hominoidea
Supervisor: prof. RNDr. Jan Zrzavý, CSc.

Professional appointments:

– since 2017: Researcher, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, České Budějovice, Czech Republic
– 2016 – 2018: Researcher, Institute of Entomology, Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Sciences, Branisovska 31, České Budějovice, Czech Republic
– 2016 – 2017: Researcher, Center for Theoretical Study, Charles University and Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
– 2015 – 2017: Research assistant, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, České Budějovice, Czech Republic

Internships:

– 2017, 2016: Center for Theoretical Study (CTS), Charles University and the Czech Academy of Sciences (CTS), Prague (Czech Republic), 5 months total
– 2013: Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Institute for Biology and Environmental Sciences,  Systematics and Evolutionary of Biology Research Group (Germany), 3 months

Fellowships and awards:

– 2018 – 2020: Ecological and geographical determinants of modern human diversification: a phylogenetic approach on global and local scales; Czech Science Foundation (GAČR) 18-23889S; team member
– 2017: Nature and Culture – Interaction of Cultural and Biological Evolution in an Interdisciplinary Perspective; University Research Centres (UNCE) no. 204004; team member
– 2016 – 2017: Are there limits to diversity? Towards an equilibrium theory of biodiversity; Czech Science Foundation (GAČR) 16-26369S; team member
– 2013 – 2014: Grant Agency of the University of South Bohemia (GAJU) 042/2013/P; principal investigator
– 2011: Dean’s Award, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia Bohemia, Czech Republic (price awarded to M.Sc. students for excellent scientific results)
– 2008 – 2009: Student Grant Agency Student Grant Agency (SGA) of the Faculty of Science of USB SGA2009/008; principal investigator

Teaching

FSci USB:
– Evolutionary biology (KZO/102E)
– Behavioural ecology (KZO/106)
– Advances in behavioural ecology research (KZO/105)
– Advances in phylogenetic research in zoology (KZO/064)
– Evoluční biologie člověka (KZO/271)
– Biologie chování člověka (KZO/142)
– Vertebratologická exkurze (KZO/389)
– Zoologický seminář (KZO/408)

Supervising

Bachelor’s theses in prep.:
Tereza Kaucká: Ekologické, demografické a historické příčiny africké polygynie (zadáno 2022)
Klára Vodičková: Koevoluce genů a jazyků – kritická rešerše (zadáno 2021)
Theodor Kabíček: Fylogenetická rekonstrukce socio-ekologických vlastností předků klíčových populací moderního člověka (zadáno 2020, konzultant)

Doctoral theses in prep.:
Alfred Kik: Language diversity and language skills in contemporary populations of Papua New Guinea (zadáno 2019)
Gabriel Šaffa: Evolution of human socio-cultural adaptations: phylogenetic cross-cultural perspective (zadáno 2018)

Bachelor’s theses:
Plášilová, K. (2023). Variabilita životní historie u studovaných populací lidoopů v přírodě
Poláková, T. (2023). Fylogenetická analýza šimpanzí kultury (konzultant)
Švehlová, K. (2023). Postpartum sexuální tabu a jeho socio-ekologické příčiny – rešerše
Mrázková, N. (2016). Kritická analýza „Šesté masové extinkce“ na příkladu recentních savců: velikost areálu, biogeografie a potenciální fosilizovatelnost (konzultant)
Šural, J. (2016). Kritická analýza „6. masové extinkce“ na příkladu recentních druhů savců: vliv taxonomické historie ohrožených druhů (konzultant)
Šoun, P. (2015). Fylogenetická analýza sexuálního a ontogenetického dichromatismu gibonů (Hylobatidae)

Publications

Research papers:

2023

Kik, A., Duda, P., Bajzekova, J., Baro, N., Opasa, R., Sosanika, G., Jorge, L.R., West, P., Sam, K., Zrzavý, J. & Novotný, V. (2023). Hunting skills and ethnobiological knowledge among the young, educated Papua New Guineans: Implications for conservation. Global Ecology and Conservation 43, e02435. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2023.e02435

2022

Šaffa, G., Duda, P., & Zrzavý, J. (2022). Paternity Uncertainty and Parent–Offspring Conflict Explain Restrictions on Female Premarital Sex across SocietiesHuman Nature 33, 215–235, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12110-022-09426-y

Šaffa, G., Zrzavý, J., & Duda, P. (2022). Global phylogenetic analysis reveals multiple origins and correlates of genital mutilation/cutting. Nature Human Behaviour 6, 635–645, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-022-01321-x

2021

Kik, A., Adamec, M., Aikhenvald, A. Y., Bajzeková, J., Baro, N., Bowern, C., Colwell, R. K., Drozd, P.,  Duda, P., Ibalim, S., Jorge, L. R., Mogina, J., Ruli, B., Sam, K., Sarvasy, H., Saulei, S., Weiblen, G. D., Zrzavý, J. & Novotný, V. (2021). Language and ethnobiological skills decline precipitously in Papua New Guinea, the world’s most linguistically diverse nation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 118, e2100096118, doi:10.1073/pnas.2100096118.

2020

Martin, J. S., Ringen, E. J., Duda, P. & Jaeggi, A. V. (2020). Harsh environments promote alloparental care across human societies. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 287, 20200758, doi:10.1098/rspb.2020.0758

Hrnčíř, V., Duda, P., Šaffa, G., Květina, P., & Zrzavý, J. (2020). Identifying post-marital residence patterns in prehistory: A phylogenetic comparative analysis of dwelling size. PLoS ONE 15(2): e0229363.

Nováčková, J., Čížková, M., Mokhtar, M. G., Duda, P., Stenzl, V., Tříska, P., Hofmanová, Z. & Černý, V. (2020). Subsistence strategy was the main factor driving population differentiation in the bidirectional corridor of the African Sahel. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 171(3), 496-508.

2019

Ringen, E. J., Duda, P., & Jaeggi, A. V. (2019). The evolution of daily food sharing: A Bayesian phylogenetic analysis. Evolution and Human Behavior 40(4), 375-384.

Minocher, R., Duda, P., & Jaeggi, A. V. (2019). Explaining marriage patterns in a globally representative sample through socio-ecology and population history: A Bayesian phylogenetic analysis using a new supertree. Evolution and Human Behavior, 40(2), 176-187.

2018

Zrzavý, J., Duda, P., Robovský, J., Okřinová, I., & Řičánková, V. (2018). Phylogeny of the Caninae (Carnivora): Combining morphology, behaviour, genes and fossils. Zoologica Scripta, 47, 373–389.

2016

Duda, P., & Zrzavý, J. (2016). Human population history revealed by a supertree approach. Scientific Reports6, 29890.

Peoples, H. C., Duda, P., & Marlowe, F. W. (2016). Hunter-Gatherers and the Origins of Religion. Human Nature 27(3), 261-282.

2013

Duda, P., & Zrzavý, J. (2013). Evolution of life history and behavior in Hominidae: Towards phylogenetic reconstruction of the chimpanzee–human last common ancestor. Journal of Human Evolution65(4), 424-446.

Popular science articles:

Articles in popular science magazines Vesmír and Živa

Chapters in monographs:

2019

Duda, P., & Zrzavý, J. (2019). Towards a global phylogeny of human populations based on genetic and linguistic data. In Y. Sahle, H. Reyes-Centeno, & C. Bentz (Eds.), Modern Human Origins and Dispersal (pp. 331-359). Tübingen: Kerns Verlag.

2015

Duda, P. (2015). Pygmejové pohledem evoluční biologie. In L. Hroníková, Z. Schierová, Zuzana a kol. Pygmejové: Nejmenší lidé pohledem antropologie (pp. 18-43). Praha: Academia.

2017

Duda, P. (2017). Kulturní fylogenetika – lidské kultury jako biologické druhy. In L. Ovčáčková (ed.). O původu kultury: Biologické, antropologické a historické koncepce kulturní evoluce (pp. 230-279). Praha: Academia.

Conference talks (selection):

Towards a global phylogeny of human populations based on genetic and linguistic data. The 5th Conference of the Polish Society for Human and Evolution Studies, Warsaw, Poland, September 24 – 26, 2018

Phylogenetic supertree of human populations: A tool for testing hypotheses about human ecological and cultural adaptations. The European Human Behaviour and Evolution Association Annual Conference, Paris, France, April 6 – 8, 2017

Hunter-Gatherers and the Origins of Religion. The 11th Conference on Hunting and Gathering Societies, Vienna, Austria, September 7 – 11, 2015.

Reconstruction of ancestral human and hominid behaviors using phylogenetic comparative methods. The 25th Annual Meeting of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society, Miami Beach, USA, June 17 – 20, 2013.

Evolution of human socio-cultural traits: a phylogenetic approach. The 23rd Annual Meeting of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society, Montpellier, France, June 29 – July 3, 2011.

Cladistic analysis of human sociosexual behaviour and life cycle. The 3rd International Congress European Federation of Primatologists, Zürich, Switzerland, August 12 – 15, 2009.

Invited lectures (selection):

Coevolution of genes and languages. The 12th Summer School of Linguistics, Kroměříž, Czech Republic, August 17 – 24, 2018.

Modern human dispersal within and outside of Africa revealed by the supertree approach. The third annual symposium of the DFG Center for Advanced Studies: Modern human origins and dispersal, Tübingen, Germany, November 3 – 4, 2017.

Lidské kultury jako biologické druhy: Snoubení kulturní antropologie a evoluční biologie. Centrum pro teoretická studia (CTS), Praha, 13. 10. 2016.

Pozoruhodné paralely: Populační historie lidstva a evoluce kultury. Přírodovědecká fakulta Univerzity Karlovy v Praze (přednáška z cyklu Biologické čtvrtky ve Viničné), 17. 4. 2016.

Is human the third chimpanzee or the third gorilla? Phylogenetic reconstruction of the chimpanzee-human last common ancestor. Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Institute for Biology and Environmental Sciences, June 17, 2014.

Membership in organizations:

– since 2017: European Human Behaviour and Evolution Association
– 2011 – 2019: Human Behavior and Evolution Society

Links:

Google Scholar
ResearchGate
Popular science magazine Vesmír

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